Abstract: The estimate population of dogs and cats is fundamental importance for studies about the overpopulation control of these species, besides the planning of programs in public health. The objective of this study was to estimate the population size of the domiciled and semi - domiciled dogs and cats in the urban area of the city of Jataí, Goiás, Brazil, through population estimates, highlighting some characteristics of these animals, among those gender and mobility control. A descriptive observational study of the type of sample survey was carried out, by the drawing of households for the questionnaires application. 385 households were visited, which totalled 1215 residents. 63.63% of the
households were owners of at least one dog and 11.17% were the owners of at least one cat. The dog: human ratio was 1:2.92 and cat: human ratio was 1:11.79. With respect to the canine population (416), 37.02% were males (5.29% neutered and 31.73% non-neutered) and 62.98% were females (9.37% neutered and 53.60% nonneutered). The feline population was 103 animals, 39.80% were males (14.60% neutered and 31.47% non-neutered) and 46.60% were females (18.86% neutered and 37.08% non-neutered). Some tutors did not know to answer about the felines sex. In relation to the access to street, 32.93% of the dogs and 84.46% of the cats were semidomiciled. The estimate population of canines and felines domiciled and semidomiciled in the urban region of the city of Jataí, Goiás, in 2018 was 33,605 and 8,323, respectively. These results emphasized the necessity to implementation of strategies for population control associated with the awareness actions on responsible pet ownership.
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